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Weight loss management

Obesity is a medical condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of body fat that can have a detrimental impact on health. It is typically measured using the Body Mass Index (BMI), which takes into account a person’s weight in relation to their height. Obesity occurs when a person’s BMI is 30 or higher.

Obesity is a complex and multifactorial condition influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. These factors can include poor dietary choices, lack of physical activity, genetics, hormonal imbalances, and socioeconomic factors.
Health Implications
Obesity has a wide range of health implications, as it can affect nearly every system in the body. They include:
• Cardiovascular diseases: Obesity is a significant risk factor for heart diseases, including hypertension, coronary artery disease, and stroke. This is due to excess body fat causing plaques deposits leading to narrowing and blockage of blood vessels.
• Type 2 Diabetes: Obesity is a leading cause of type 2 diabetes. The excess fat interferes with the body’s ability to properly use insulin, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels.
• Respiratory Problems: Obesity can lead to conditions such as sleep apnea, where breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep.
• Joint Issues: The additional weight from obesity places increased stress on joints, leading to conditions like osteoarthritis, which causes pain and reduced mobility.
• Cancer: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of several types of cancer, including breast, colorectal, kidney, and pancreatic cancer.
• Liver Disease: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is more common in obese individuals. This condition can progress to more severe liver damage.
• Gastrointestinal Issues: Obesity can increase the likelihood of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and gallstones.
• Mental Health: Obesity can have a negative impact on mental health, leading to conditions such as depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.
• Reproductive Health: Obesity can cause fertility issues in both men and women. It is also associated with complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
• Kidney Disease: Obesity is linked to an increased risk of kidney problems, including chronic kidney disease.
• Increased Inflammation: Obesity is associated with chronic inflammation throughout the body, which can contribute to various health problems.h.
• Shortened Lifespan: On average, obesity is associated with a shorter life expectancy due to the increased risk of developing these and other chronic health conditions.
Causes of Obesity
Obesity is a complex condition influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Here are some of the primary causes and contributing factors to obesity:
1. Dietary Choices: Consuming an excessive amount of high-calorie, low-nutrient foods, such as fast food, sugary beverages, and processed snacks.
2. Lack of Physical Activity:A sedentary lifestyle with little to no physical activity can lead to weight gain.
3. Genetics: Genetic factors can play a role some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to gain weight more easily than others.
4. Metabolism: Differences in metabolic rate can influence weight. Some people have a slower metabolism, making it easier for them to gain weight.
5. Environmental Factors: The environment in which a person lives can impact their weight. Access to healthy foods, opportunities for physical activity, and socioeconomic status can all play a role.
6. Emotional Factors: Emotional and psychological factors, such as stress, depression, and emotional eating, can lead to overeating and weight gain.
7. Lack of Sleep: Poor sleep habits and sleep deprivation have been linked to weight gain and obesity.
8. Medications: Certain medications, such as some antidepressants, antipsychotics, and corticosteroids, can lead to weight gain as a side effect.
9. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hypothyroidism, and hormonal imbalances, can contribute to obesity.
10. Childhood Habits: Childhood habits and experiences can have a long-lasting impact on weight. Overweight or obese children are more likely to become overweight or obese adults.
11. Social and Cultural Factors: Cultural norms and societal pressures related to body image and food choices can influence eating behaviors and weight.
12. Lack of Education: Limited knowledge about nutrition and healthy eating can lead to poor dietary choices.
Management
The management of obesity typically involves a multifaceted approach that addresses various aspects of an individual's lifestyle and health. Here are key components of obesity management:
1. Dietary Modifications
2. Regular Physical Activity
3. Behavioral Changes
4. Medical Interventions
5. Surgical Options
6. Support and Accountability
7. Lifestyle Changes
8. Regular Monitoring and Follow-Up
Medication Management
Seguin Wellness & MedSpa offers medication therapy for the management of Obesity. There are several medications for the management of obesity and are typically considered when lifestyle modifications, have not been successful in achieving or maintaining weight loss, or when obesity poses significant health risks.

Here are some common medications for obesity management:
1. Orlistat (Alli, Xenical)
2. Phentermine-Topiramate (Qsymia)
3. Buproprion-Naltrexone (Contrave)
4. Liraglutide (Saxenda)
5. Lorcaserin (Belviq)
What are Semaglutides?
Semaglutides are a class of medications used in the management of type 2 diabetes and, more recently, for weight management and obesity. These medications belong to the class of drugs known as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1). They work by mimicking the action of a naturally occurring hormone called glucagon-like peptide-1, which helps regulate blood sugar levels and appetite.
1. Ozempic (Semaglutide Injection)
2. Rybelsus (Oral Semaglutide)
3. Wegovy (Semaglutide Injection)
What is Mounjaro (Tirzepatide)?
Mounjaro (Tirzepatide) is a medication that falls under the class of drugs known as glucose- dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1). It is used for the management of type 2 diabetes and has also shown promise in the treatment of obesity.
At Seguin Wellness & MedSpa, we follow a patient centric approach, understanding that no two patients are the same. We recognize that obesity is a complex interplay of different factors, and individual experiences with obesity can vary widely. Managing and preventing obesity often involves addressing multiple aspects of one's lifestyle, including dietary habits, physical activity, and emotional well-being. Seeking support from healthcare professionals, nutritionists, and mental health experts can be crucial in managing obesity effectively.

Our process includes:
1. Consultation with our healthcare professionals where we can provide personalized guidance, and support in your journey to manage obesity effectively.
2. Lab testing to evaluate for underlying causes that can be contributing to obesity and resistance to weight loss.
3. Lifestyle modification including dietary and physical activity changes.
4. Medication management of obesity and other underlying medical conditions.
5. Mental health management and referral if indicated.
6. Referral for surgical evaluation if weight loss is resistant to medication management.

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